No, 201
̸:
2011/7/29()
Ѽ ؼ ߾ -1 ߲  

 

 

 

Ѽ

 


                                  

ͯ (AD581~645) Ȼ ϱ 

                      ̴. ̴.

ͳ볪 ¾ ־ٰ Ѵ.

 


  ߾  ߾   

                                                 ͳݰ(32 ~ 92)        

 


Ҭ   輭濡

ħ (Ȳ ̶ )

ǥ Ͽٰ Ѵ.

ء   ġ ν 鼺 ̴.

戲畫         ڸ ȱ ׸鼭

               ڸ( ) ǿ

     ֽô뿡 ̸鼭 ũ Ǿ  

߲ͦͯ     3뿡 ģ ϴ и.

ί             ֳ ϰ

     ڰ Ÿ ķ

         ̹ ϰ ڼ Ǿ    

ί舉         ǻ ɷ ִ 鼺 Ͽ

۰         ٽ Ǿ.

(?BC205)         Ӽ â

( B.C152) â Ͽ μ ϰ Ͽ.

ί(BC140-135Ҵ)ȿ ǰ ߸ ٸ ġ

ܼ     Ҵ(AD5) ̸ ո Żϰ

٣             ̰

õϿ 1

               õ

ױ

(BC.53~BC.25) ϰ ȮϿ ִ ϴ Ͽ.

 


ͺߢ偽 ׸Ͽ ߸ ٸ Ͽ.

            ù°. ֳ.

            °.  ȭ ̷ ֳ.

߲            °. ̴

ʩ            °. Ǵ

            ټ.

ܨ           ° ټ ȭν

            (ٰ ) ȥ ڴ

ͦͯ          ð ȭ ؼ

Ѩڪ          ȭ 繰 Ÿ ̴

          Ͱ ϰ

          ؼ

ڼ θ Բ 췯 ʴ .

 


ؿ     ڶ , , , õ, ̴

ߩڪ         繰 Ƹ

٤         ( ) ġ̴.

                 ۿ ֱδ    

ߩ٤             켱 繰 Ӽ ϴµ

       ⺻ Ȳ̴.

                       (õ ༺ ⺻ 氪) 

߲         1 3 Ǿ (Ѽ 1*3 =3 ⺻ )

߲߲             3ϱ 3 Ǵ ν

         12 ȴ.                

ؿ 

                 177,147 (1* 3 3*3) 5 ̷ ̴.

 

  1  2   3    4     5     6      7      8      9       10       11       12

1*3=3*3=9*3=27*3=81*3=243*3=729*3=2187*3=6561*3=19683*3=59049*3=177147

 

ߩ           װ ̿ ϴµ

׿         (õ) ձ ĭ ̸ ׿18cm

         װ 271 ؼ

׿觚為     6 ̿ ־ ϳ .

                           (6 Ÿ õ ̴. )

        å 12 () ȴ.

Ю圜ϻ۰          ۽ ׸. ڷ .

            Ը ް õĪ ߰

ʩ            ߰ ̹ Ǹ .

賾            ִ ɿ Ģ ãƳ

ذ    帮 ġ ʴ .

ӭ氂    ª ̸ ͷŭ Ǽ ϰ

Ф    ټҸ ؽð Ҿ ؼ ȴ.

絫    Ը ٴ ˵ ȴ.

Ѻ 

                    1 ԵǾ 10()ν 100 Ŀ

ؿ          1.000Ŀ 10.000 ȮǾ

ߩ          п ִ.

    ݸ Ģ õϿ ִ.

    δ » ȭ Ѵ.

 


     Ҹ  , , , ġ, ̴.

          

˽ 8 ȭ ΰ

   ٸ ǰ ϸ ذ dz ٲٱ ؼ̴.


  ȭϰ ̴ ȴ.

為        (߿)» 塱̶ Ҹ ä ̴.

ڪʦ      ()繰 ǫ 塱 Ѵ.

                  [ jiǎo ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

                  [ chù ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"


              ߡ äѴ.

ڪ  () ߡڰ Ƽ Ⱑ Ӹ а    Ѵ.

                  [ jiǎo ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

                 触 [ chù ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"


              ߡ äѴ.

۰        ߾ӿ ӹ ÿ ϴ Ҹ̴.

為˵  ()ó Ҹ Ҹ 4 ´.

 

                  [ chù ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

              [ zhōng ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"


              ġ äѴ.

ڪ        () Ҹ ϰ Ѵ.

                  [ zhǐ ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"   

                  [ zhǐ ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"


              ԡ äѴ.

ڪ      () Ƶ Կ족  Ҹ .

                    [ yǔ ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

                    [ yǔ ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"


              Ҹ ü

              ߿ ̶

              ˿ ǰ̶

,              ƶ

              忡 »̶

              Կ쿡 ȴ.

ͺ              Ҹ ̿ ࿡ , ߾, , . 4

為Ѻ            ´.

 


                ü īװ

為        ̵ǰ

為            ټ ڸ ̴.

為            ټ Ģ شȴ.

為為為      ѿ شϰ δ شϰ 븻ϱ⸦ Ѵ. 

為為為      /.......                                 ....          

為為為      /.......                                 ....

為為為      /.......                                 ....

ڪ  ̷ Źλ繰ڪ ڸ

為              ӱ ǰ

為              ϰ Ǹ

為              鼺

為              ġ ǰ

為ڪ              ȴ.

            ȭӰ 뷡 ̴.

ͺ  () Ż () ü ȴ.

 ûġ 5 ü Ȳ ܳԴ.

為            3Ǭ ϰ ̸ 9Ǭ Ҵ.

 

ű⿡ ϰ ؼ ڸ ߴ. 

׿  ׿ ȭ ȴ.

                     ☰ ☱ ☲ ☳ۢ♫ݢ

               ☴ ☵ ☶ ☷

            12Ȳ

׿為׿為    6 , 6 ȴ.

 

Ѩ׾ڪ ߲ʹ 蕤޹ ׿

Ѩ ߲ ׿

 (Ѩ׾ڪ)ļ ϴ ȷν Ȳ. . . . Ģ. ̴.

忡 ĻǾ Բ ϴ ν . . . . . ߷̴.

߲        ..߲ () ǰ ⿡ ִ.

              Ͽ ϸ

        Ȳ ε

泠          Ȳ ǰ Ѽ

 

          ذ(嶰ͬ) ¥⿡ 볪

Ыг        ϰ ۿ Ҹ µ

Ө      ڸ ̿ ٶ Ҿִ ̴.

為         

筩ٰ  Ȳ Ҹ ȴ.

ٰ為׿ٰ׿  ߿ ̰ .

          Ͽ Ͽ

ʦ        ΰ ٰܳ Ҹϴ.

為    ̷ν ٺ ٽ ̸.

Ѩ    õ ٶ ϰ

Ѩ 

                     õ ٶ (. ļ) سҴ.

 

Ȳ ߾̸ ӱ ̴.

            .

                         [ zhǒng ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

                         [ zhōng ] src="http://dicimg.naver.com/cndic/web/btn_play_sound.gif"

          ϴ ߾ ڷ 5 Ѵ.

為߾        5   5߿ ִ tone Ѵ.

ذ          5 ū .

׿          ߾ ڷ 6 Ѵ.

׿為              6 ν

          ü .

߾ذ    ߿ Ȳν ó ȣȭ ʴ.

ͺѨ孳ؿڪ 

                    ׸Ͽ Ȳõ Ѹ .

為׿Ѩ٣Ѩ 

6 Ȳ̶ ̸ ⸦ 6̶ ǥ ̶ Ҹ Ÿ Ͱ . (Ѩ: ļ)

׿ܨ׵׿  

9 ҷ 6 ȭ(54) ڸ ӹ ʰ ٲ 360 ȸ ϸ鼭 ϻϡ̴.

      () Ѵ. 11 ְѴ.

Ѩڪ    

() ´ٴ ̴.  Ŀ Ȳ() ѨѨ ְ Ѵ. δ ̰ 12 ְѴ.

(: ݻ ؼ κ̳ ܷ )

Ѩӹڪ:

Ⱑ Ŀ ̰ Ͽ ߴ޽Ų. δ ̿, 1 ְѴ.

۰Ѩڪ

() Ѩ ̼ Ǯ Ѵ. δ ̰ 2 ְѴ.

ʹ絜Ѩڪ絜߲ 

(ͽ) ᩴ ϴٴ ̴. Ⱑ ϰ Ѵ. ̰ 3 ְѴ.

ڰڱʹѨڪ 

߷() Ⱑ ۵Ǿ ̷ ʾҴ. ߿ Ÿ ⸦ Ǯ Ѵ. ̰ 4 ְѴ.

蕤޹蕤ͩ޹Ѩͩڪ

󿡼 ̾ ϰ ޹ ̲ شٴ ̴.  Ⱑ ۵Ǿ ⸦ ̲ ־ Ͽ ڶ Ѵ. ̰ 5̴. ְѴ.

Ѩ蕤޹ڪڱ׿

ϰ Ⱑ ӹ ޾Ƽ ϰ ϰ Ѵ. ڱ̰, 6 ְѴ.

ѨѨ߿ڪ

Ģ ϰ ٸν Ͽ ϰ Ѵ. ̰ 7 ְѴ.

Ѩؿڪ

Ѵٴ ̴. Ⱑ Ģ ͼ ̷ Ѵ. ̰ 8 ְѴ.

ѨϼڪѨժ

Ҵ ϰ ȴٴ . Ⱑ ̿ϴ Ⱑ Ͽ ȴ. ٽ ϴ ̴ ̹ ̴. ̰ 9 ְѴ.

Ѩؿڪ閡 

() Ⱑ Ͽ ߰ ⽺ Ȳ . ̰ 10 ְѴ.

 


߲Ѻ

߲3̶ ϴÿ ִ . ȭϴ . ΰ Ѻð ȭ ̴.

         11 ǥ ִ.

Ѩ  Ⱑ Ʒ ִ ☰ ☰

為ؿڪ    ϴ 巯 ̱ ϴµ

()        (10)̴.

ͺ為      Ȳ ϴ Ҵ. --

          ̴ 9̴. 9 ǹ̴

ϼп為ؿڪ 

ȭ ٿ (õ ٺ õ ) Žϰ ϴ . 

ءԳ

                    涿 õ ̴.

׿           6 ǥ̴.

׿Ѩ ☷ ☷ 6 12 ġ ǥ  ´.

ͩؿڪڱֵ˧ˮ

Ͽ ڿ ڶ ʾ ũ ܴ .

ͺ為      (6) --

׿׿ ̴ 6̴.6̶ վ ӱݰ ִ.

׿Үֵ˧ 

6 Ͽ ε巴 ̴

ءԳ˧    ̷ ε巴 ̴.

ڪ    ½ø ˰ 繰 ̷ Ÿ ȴ.

߲ؿڪ棣 

                    93 Ȱ Ѵ.

 

            ׿ ο شѴ.

޵ Ű ư ̷ ̴.

ֵڪ      繰 ġ ̴.

為    ̸ »̴.

為ͺ為 Ƿ ȷѴ.   --

                    ̴ 8 8ȱ ̴.

٥׾ؿڪ 

                    ϴ ŷɰ ϴ ̴.

ءԳ  Ұ ̴

      ϴ ü ̴.

Գ    ڰ Գ ̷ ڶѴٸ

 

                    ϴð ̴ ¿鼺 翬ϴ.

߲為߲ 

̰ ߲(õ..) ̸ ̿. ̰ ߲ ̴.

 


߲          ű⿡ 3 ִµ

為ᣬ      Ȳ

ڱ為ᣬڱ 信 ε ´.

為        ٸ Ҵ.

߲            ϻ ϼ ̴.

          ̴ Ȯ ν

  ¾ ǥ ޾δ ε ڸ̴. 

ҬԳ

ֿ ģ   Ӵ.

Գ( ϴ ) ̴.

 

 

  12

   

    

߲

߲

 

 

Ȳ

    

    81

11

 

 

    

    72

1

 

 

ʹᩰ

    

    64

3

 

 

 

 

蕤޹

    

    56

5

 

 

 

 

Ģ

    

    51

7

 

 

 

 

ҹ

    

    45

9

 

 

 

 

    

    76

12

 

 

 

    

    68

2

 

 

 

߷

    

    60

4

 

 

 

    

    54

ڱ

6

 

 

    

    48

8

 

 

 

 

    

    42

10

 

 

 

 

ǹ̴ ȴٴ ̴. ¾ ǥ bc 522 ڸ ߿캰ڸ Ѵ. ֿ ʿ ģ ʿ ã´. ʿ ġļ ö ٴ ̴. Ѽ õ ˬأ̲ͺ為ȡ為ͺ為奱 δ.


 

為        Ȳ

ʹڰ          

(1). (3). (6). (8) δ ٸ ϴµ

它為    ٸ Ͱ ʰ

      ϳ ̴.

 


ު它        Ȳ ƴ ٸ

      ޿ ¾ Ǿ ϶

        װͰ Ͽ йĢ

ڰ  ͷŭ̶ ܼ Ȯ 㺸 ʴ´ٸ       

並  ̷ Ȳ ӱݰ Բ ϰ .

                 ̸

ϴ 3 2 Ȧ ϴ ̴.

   1 Ͽ 25 .

Ѻ߲         ν 3̴.

ͺ߲           3 迭ؼ(6)                         

 

                     25 迭ϸ ᱹ õ 81ε

                            325+6= 81

 

                    ϴð 5 10 ǰ

為      Ͽ 810 ȴ.

߲ 

      1981=1,539  å 1 1.539̴.

      Ȳ ̴.

  ̷ ǹ̰ 12 ̴.

          ձ ̴.

߲      2 Ͽ 30 .

Ѻ        ν 2̴.

ͺ߲    1 2 . 30̴.

׿  ᱹ ( 2+4+6+8+10)*2 = 60

׿為߲׿ 

                     6 Ͽ 360 ȴ.

Ѣ Ⱓ ¥ ̴.

ͩѨڪ

                    ̶ ϴ ؼ ̷ 繰 ̴.  

              Ϸ Ͽ

              ȭ ϰ

              ġ ٽ

              (.....ߺ.Ե.) ٷ

              DZ ȭӰ ϰ

              8 ſ ߾ ߰

۰              ȹ ǰ Ͽ

  η ġ ̴ ħ õ ̴.

ͺ׿        8*8 =64

пܨ      õȭ Ѱ Ѵ.  

 

                    ̷ν õ 5ڸ 10ν

為׿      640̴.

׿ 

                    64 缭 ȴ.

    濡 ̸⸦ ϴ 縦 ΰ ϴ ̴.

        ϴÿ ִ ΰ ϴ̴.

ͺ    õ5 Ͽ ̴.

為            ϴ ũ ϴ  

      ӱݸ Ģ̸ װ ٷ () ̴.

 


        ߾Ӽ(5)

ԳҮ餽 ġ 5  ߴ.

 

為ᢶ ǹ̴ Ҹ ڷ Կ ־ Ҹ ߿ 5 ǥǾ ׻ ߾ӿ ġѴ. 涰 繰 ǥ Ŀ ߽, ߿ 5 ǥѴ.


߲            ߲ Ѵ.

ͺ

Ȳ.. ڶ ̸ ü ̴.

׿ϴ 5 6

為          Ѵٴ

׿為ȣ            6 ϳ ʴ

為ᢣ            5 Ҹ

׵׿          (鸮 ϳ ʴ) 360 ָ ƺ Ͱ .

            ϴ 6ȿ 12̴.

˽      ü ̷ ȭϴµ

֪為  ִ 12 ȭ̴.

 

繰 ü Ÿ ó ٰ Ѵ.
1. 繰 ġ ȭ ڷ ,
2. 6(,,,,,) Ҹ ǥ. .
3. ϴ ڸ õ ׸ . .


пѨ߲為    ± (Sin) (ѷ) 3 1 ̴.   

                                                         ( )

 

п 

                    ± ߽ ù 12 µ

    ̱ Ͽ 3 ̵ǰ

߲               3 * 3       

                        * 9       

                    * 27      

                    * 81      

߲                * 243     

ڱ                * 729      ڱ

            * 2.187   

׿׿            * 6.561   

ؿ׿߲          * 19.683    

ؿ            * 59.049   Ǿ.

ؿ             177.147 ̴.

Ѩ        ̴ Ͽ Ÿ ̴ ̴.

ؿڪ ȭ ִ ̴.

 


ͺ                 

孳          ϴ ִ ̰               ()

䡣          ̰                      ()

ӹ١          ϴ ̰                    ()

ٳ茆֡          ٳ ڱ ǹ̴ ̰                    (ڱ)

ڸ㡣         ޶ٴ ̰                  (ڱ)

ӡ         װ ̴ ̰              ( п)

咢         Ǯ ϴ ̰     (¾ƹ߾)

薆ڱ         谡 ξ ڱ̰                   (¾Ƽ)

̱顣         ŵ Ͽ ¾ ̴ ̰   (¾Ƽü)

׺뷡         ӹ ־ Ǵ ̰    ()

       ¹ μ  ̰          (ػ)

閡         ػ ̴.       ()

 

 

 

ˣˣ         ˣ̴.                       ()

ࡣ         ߰ưŸ ư

                         ó ð 帧 ̶Ѵ.     (帧)

٥ܹܰ         ִ ̶ܰѴ.        () 

ˡ         װ ũ ̷ ġǥ ̴.     () 

豐档         dzӰ ϰ ִ ̴.            (ڪ)

Ѻ         ġ ľ ִ

                                      ̴.           ()

ְҡ         Ȯ ũ̴.  ̴.         (ũ)

         ٽ ѹ ޾ ̴.  ̴.         ()

         ð ŭ ǰ ִ ̴. ̴.        ()

Цͤ         ÿ Ƹ ̴. ̴ͤ.     ()

 


ͺ                

ؿڪ ȭ ϴ ۰ ̴.

既׾       ̹ ӿ ְ

㣬     ؿ ༺ ̷¿ ִ ̴

ܨʦ̸   ȭ ̸ ִ ̴.

˵   ϵĥ ڷ ϴ

Ѻ   ؿ Ѵ ó ڸ Ⱝ ̴. 

˵Ѻ           ϵĥ (˵) ڸ (Ѻ) ϴ

ó Ͽ ̰ ̾.

 

           âҸ

ʰ Ŀ ȭ 뷡 ֿ .

   ڼ

ؿڪڼ鬯   Ϻ Ģ ¥ ִ.

ͺ   ν

為 

                    ϱ Ģ 1 Ȳ ̴.

     1/3 ؼ  Ʒ

߾ 1/3 ؼ

1/3 ؼ Ʒ

߾ʹ

ʹ

߾蕤޹

蕤޹

߾

߾

 

                     Բϸ Ȳ ϴµ

為   8 8 ϴ ε Ѵ.

     δ . » ð ִ.

 

 

:  ߿ . () ()  þ û

                ô

        º ô þ.

ӭ        ª ô

        Ȳ ⺻ ϴ ̴. 

秬      ߰

  Ǵ 90Ѵ.

為    Ȳ Ȳ ϳ 1 ´.

為          10 1 ǰ

為          10 1ô ǰ

為ۡ          10ô 1 ǰ

為ڡ          10 1 ȴ.

          ̰ ټ ڼ ô ϴ ̴.

            Ѵ.

  1. 2. 1̶ Ͽ

      ..ô. ϴ ̴.

為          볪 ̿ ̿ ̸ ̸

׿    1 6 þ ̴ 10 þ.

۰ϻ    ﰢԼ ̴.

      ٴ

߲ڰܨ    갡

ʦܬ            ִ ̴.

奡          : ɰ ̰

卺奡          卺: ¦ ̰

奡          : ̰

奡          : Ȯ ̴.

ܬ        ô غ ̴.

ɰ ̶ ϰ ¦ 卺̶ ϰ ̶ ϰ Ȯ ̶ ô Ͽ.

        ̶ Ȯ ְ ġ̴.

Үί    å . Ѵ.

: ̸. () . γ װ ٹϴ .

 


                                                                    -_

 

 

 


 


                        âݱ